Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence

There are arguably two types of intelligence. Fluid intelligence is your ability to reason quickly. It relies on the ability to hold attention and benefits from a strong working memory. Crystallized intelligence is your ability to apply knowledge from prior learning that was stored in your long term memory. To illustrate how the two work together, we created a short fairytale – a story of a young man, who wants to save a princess that was captured by an evil witch.

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This video was made with the support of our Patrons: Andrea Basilio Rava, Angela, ArkiTechy, Artur, azad bel, Badrah, Brilliant Minds Learning, Cedric.Wang, David Markham, Delandric Webb, Denis Kraus, Digital INnov8ors, Dr. Matthias Müller-Mellin, Duane Bemister, Esther Chiang, Eva Marie Koblin, Floris Devreese, Frari63, Gatsby Dkdc, Ginger, ICH KANN DEUTSCH UND ES WAR EINFACH!, Isabelle, Jana Heinze, Jannes Kroon, Jeffrey Cassianna, Joanne Doyle, Johan Klassen, John Burghardt, Jonathan Schwarz, Jorge Luis Mejia Velazquez, Karen Lewis, Kenneth Natvig, Leonel, Liskaya, Marcel, Marco VanGuff, María, Marq Short, Mathis Nu, Matthias Ruck, Mezes.Macko, Mindozone, Mique XO, Muhammad Humayun, Nicki, Okan Elibol, Paul Hopkins, Peter Bishop, Petra, Raymond Fujioka, Robert Cook, scripz, Sebastian Huaytan Meder, Si, Stefan Gros, Stephen, Stephen Clark, Stuart Bishop, Susan Schuster, Tetiana Gerasymova, The Freudian Centre, Tristan Scifo, Victor Paweletz, Wolfgang Vullhorst, Yohanan Schwartzman, Yvonne Clapham and all the others.Thank you! To join them visit www.patreon.com/sprouts

COLLABORATORS
Script: Cameron Tan
Editor: Jonas Koblin
Fact checking: Ludo Saint Amour di Chanaz
Artist: Pascal Gaggelli
Voice: Mithril
Coloring: Nalin
Editing: Peera Lertsukittipongsa
Production: Selina Bador
Sound Design: Miguel Ojeda

SOUNDTRACKS
Nice Toys – Studio Le Bus
Magical Keys – Studio Le Bus

DIG DEEPER with these resources:
Learn about a fluid intelligence test here.
Scientists have long known that our ability to think quickly, also known as fluid intelligence, peaks around age 20 and then begins a slow decline. However, more recent findings, including a new study from neuroscientists at MIT suggest that the real picture is much more complex.

SOURCES
Fluid and crystallized intelligence
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluid_and_crystallized_intelligence

Research article on Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory
https://www.pnas.org/content/105/19/6829

Development of the two over our age
https://kids.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frym.2014.00001

Au, J. et al. (2015). Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory: a meta-analysis. Psychon Bull Rev, 22(2), 366-77. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-014-0699-x

Jaeggi, S. M., et al. (2008). Improving Fluid Intelligence with Training on Working Memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(19), 6829-6833. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0801268105

Perera, A. (2020) Fluid vs Crystallized Intelligence. Simply Psychology.
https://www.simplypsychology.org/fluid-crystallized-intelligence.html

Vinney, C. (2019).Fluid Versus Crystallized Intelligence: What’s the Difference?. ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/fluid-crystallized-intelligence-4172807

Brain structure is important for both kind of intelligence and changes during the teens
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31999564/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/psychology/fluid-intelligence

Nilokaus Tetens
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Nikolaus_Tetens

CLASSROOM EXERCISE
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CHAPTER
00:00 Introduction
00:04 Fluid intelligence
00:22 Crystallized intelligence
00:45 Story of collaboration
01:34 Fluid and Crystallized cooperation
02:17 Intelligence development stage
02:47 What do you think?
03:01 Patrons credits
03:10 Ending

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